Brazos Indian Reservation
Road Trip Information
A few miles north and to the right of 254, past the
intersection with 1191, June 16, 1871, W. B. Slaughter and his cowboys
had a joint round-up with Goodnight and Loving's outfits and camped
near each other on Dillingham Prairie near Rock Creek. On the morning
of the seventeenth, the Indians charged Goodnight's outfit. During
the fighting, Loving's brother-in-law, Charlie
Rivers, had emptied his six-shooters and was reaching for his
rifle when he was hit in the lung and died.
A few miles north and to the right of Hwy. 16, in 1870,
John Crow was plowing when he was attacked
and killed by several Indians in plain view of his family. His son,
William Crow, was killed the year before at the famous Salt Creek
On the left (west) on Hwy, 16 on the way to Graham,
Colonel Baylor, publisher of the Jacksboro newspaper, The White Man,
brought together men from a dozen counties to attack the Indians on
the Texas reservations. On May 23rd, 1859, his men entered the Lower
Reservation, where a few Indians fell victim to the mob. Part of Baylor's
force splintered off to attack Camp Cooper at the Comanche or Upper
Reservation, in order to capture its artillery piece. The balance
of the attackers skirmished with the reservation Indians but for the
most part, did not engage the United States soldiers. The mob soon
lost its taste for confrontation at the forts and most of the men
packed up and returned to their respective counties in the east. Ranger
"Rip" Ford was charged with straightening out the mess and
though he had good evidence against many of the local ranchers, he
refused to take action. This incident convinced higher authority that
the Indians would be safer if they were relocated in Indian Territory
and the land that had made up the reservations was sold to the white
settlers. Agent Neighbors was ordered to relocate the Indians. When
he returned to Fort Belknap, he was ambushed and killed in the street
by a man named Cornett and another self-proclaimed Indian hater. Ford
didn't pursue this incident officially either but supposedly the Rangers
were responsible for these murderers receiving their just fate.
In 1873, the Thompkins Brothers
and a few others scared off seven or eight Indians they had run upon.
Further south toward Breckenridge, the following depredations
occurred. Joe Curtis' slave was returning
from Picketville and was mortally wounded by several Indians. Henry
Jones was murdered while preparing to start to school at old Picketville.
George Bishop, fourteen years old, was
out driving in cow ponies when several Indians took him captive and
Off to the west, Ben Peobles
was out hunting horses early one morning when chased by Indians. When
he was only three hundred yards from his destination, he received
a mortal wound and died almost instantly. The Indians scalped him
and pinned him to the ground with arrows.
Still to the west, Josephus and
Frank Browning were murdered by Indians while out searching for
Stockton, a young man from
the east, was out alone rounding up calves and horses when he was
murdered by Indians. He had been dead two or three days before anyone
knew he had been killed.
Bill Holden was killed by
Comanches in 1857. The guilty Indian was turned over for execution
by the Upper Reservation.
Elijah Skidmore was killed
and scalped in his field in September of 1855. A historical marker
honoring this pioneer is located five miles south of Graham on Hwy.
On February 13, 1860, several miles south on the west
side of Hwy. 67, Parson Tackett's cow
came home with an arrow stuck in it. He took his sons in search of
the perpetrators and soon found blankets hanging from limbs on the
east side of Tackett Mountain. He and his boys began herding their
cattle toward the ranch when they were attacked by Chief Piny Chummy
and his Comanches near the Belknap/Austin road. One of the boys killed
a raider at sixty yards with a old gun that fired a one-ounce ball
and the preacher killed the chief with his shotgun while receiving
an arrow wound in the foot. His son had an arrowhead stuck above his
right eye for four months until he could get to Springtown where a
doctor could be found to pull it out.
Breckenridge/Hwy. 67 Blood Trail Map