Breckenridge Community

Michael has a BA in History & American Studies and an MSc in American History from the University of Edinburgh. He comes from a proud military family and has spent most of his career as an educator in the Middle East and Asia. His passion is travel, and he seizes any opportunity to share his experiences in the most immersive way possible, whether at sea or on the land.

Stephens County, Texas

Hubbard Creek Lake, Possum Kingdom Lake

Points of Interest

Breckenridge Library and Fine Arts Center, art displays and traveling exhibits. Open Monday—Friday, 11–6, 200 Breckenridge Avenue

Breckenridge Aviation Museum, vintage warplanes, displays and a collection of historic photographs. Open daily from 8–5, at Stephens County Airport, U.S. 183, 2 miles south

Swenson Memorial Museum and J.D. Sandefer Oil Annex, in old bank building, features pioneer artifacts, traveling exhibits. Open Tuesday—Saturday, 10 a.m. –noon, 1 p.m. – 4 p.m. Annex is devoted to boom-days history, open-air tool display, oil field history. Located 116 West Walnut and 113 North Breckenridge.

Annual Events

January: Stephens County Junior Livestock Show and Sale; Chili Cook-Off
February: Kiwanis Annual Rattlesnake Round-up and Flea Market
April: Stephens Co. Frontier Days
May: Big Bass Bonanza, call for dates; Stephens County Ranch Rodeo
June: KEAN Bass Classic
July: Southern Drag Boat Association Races; Breckenride Air Show; July 4th Fest
August: Fabulous Fifties Fun Day & Car Show; County Junior Rodeo
November: Craft Show
December: Christmas Parade


Breckenridge Inn, 3111 W. Walker, 254-559-6502
The Ridge Motel, 2602 W. Walker, 254-559-2244
Bakers Bunk House, Hubbard Creek Lake, 254-559-2738
The Blue Rose, (B&B) 254-559-2105
Everett Guest House, 254-559-2105
The Keeping Room, (B&B) 254-559-8368


Anchor Drive In
Angels Pizza
Bobby's Burgers
Double M Bar-B-Que
Golden Hut Chinese Restaurant
Ken's Chicken and Fish
Ernie's Spanish Kitchen
L & L Country Cooking
Pam's Cafe
Ridge Restaurant
Sonic Drive-In
Taco Bell

Specialty Shopping

Angel Art Productions, 103 W. Walker
Antique Shoppe, 105 W. Walker
Antique Depot, 500 E.Walker
Antique Mart, 3114 W.Walker
Wishes, 203 W. Walker

The following story is from the book, Charles Goodnight, Cowman and Plainsman, by J. Evetts Haley.

    With the Confederacy too busy to defend the frontier, the Legislature saw that more permanent organization was needed. On December 21, 1861, a law was passed creating the famous Frontier Regiment of ten companies of rangers, to be stationed along the front from Brownsville to Red River, and discontinuing the Minute Men after the first of March.

    Governor F.R. Lubbock appointed Colonel James M. Norris, of Waco, to its command. Many seasoned old Indian fighters on the outer edge, beyond the plantation and slaveholding regions, being less enthusiastic over secession than Texans to the east, decided as did Goodnight and Lane. Captain Jack Cureton immediately went into the service and settled down to fight Indians for the period of the war.

    Norris placed half of Goodnight's company at Camp Cureton, on the Trinity, and the other half remained in camp near Belknap. Throughout most of the war, Goodnight was to be located at the old army post. By March, 1862, Cureton's company was well organized; in April he had one hundred and twelve men, and J.A. Hall and Joe A. Woolfork became first and second lieutenants. The 'cream of the frontier' joined, and the company was sworn in at Belknap by J.W. Trockmorton.

    To the south, Captain John Salmon's company occupied Camp Breckenridge, upon Gunsolus Creek, and about a day's ride below was another camp, and so the line ran into the south until it abutted against Mexico, station after station for Indian fighting men. It was a line much shorter than that laid out by Van Dorn, and constituted the first chain of defense since the Federal troops had been withdrawn.

    Only nine companies were enlisted, but with 1089 men the line from end to end was to be patrolled at least every other day. Along this patrol the rangers were to report any ingoing Indian trail, and arouse the forces up and down the line, while a party pursued the Indians. It was not a sure defense, for raiders sometimes came into the settlements on foot, leaving no trail for a jogging horseman to catch, and, once mounted on fresh horses inside, cut loose their hounds of war and hell and hit a high lope for the open country. Not often were they caught.

    Accompanying Norris upon his first survey of the line of defense were Lieutenant-Colonel A.T. Obenchain and Major J.E. McCord. Norris was not a fighting man and was a misfit in the service. McCord, located at Camp Colorado, rarely if even came north. Though Obenchain wished an active part in handling the regiment-particularly Cureton's company-Cureton himself was the strength of the northwest fringe, being referred to as the 'Jack Hays of the frontier.' Goodnightdescribed him as 'a splendid frontiersman who had no military training except what he had picked up. But he was a fine man, an excellent Indian fighters, and a very popular commander.'

    The organization was effected, and when Cureton left the settlements and headed into Indian country, in advance of his column scouted Charlie Goodnight, straight, slim, and strong. Across the fork of his saddle swung his fine long rifle, and engraved upon its barrel was his appropriate sentiment:

    'Seek ye first the kingdom of God and His righteousness, and all these things shall be added unto you.' But at which end of the gun did the legend apply?

Breckenridge, county seat of Stephens County, was established in 1876. The great 1920s oil boom exploded and changed Breckenridge from 1,500 to 30,000 in 12 months with hundreds of oil derricks sprouting within the city limits. Breckenridge has rich oil history and in its heyday was labeled the Fastest Growing and Busiest Oil City in the U.S.A. It also has a reputation for the best high school football teams in the nation for a town its size.

Presently, the economy is based on ranching, oil and gas, small manufacturing, service business and a greatly expanded recreation business. Breckenridge is located at the intersection of U.S. Hwy 183 and U.S. Hwy 180 one hundred miles west of Ft. Worth. Breckenridge, is an official Texas Main Street City. It still has its original red brick streets downtown. Downtown buildings constructed mainly during the 1920s oil boom feature red brick along with native sandstone. The Stephens County Courthouse is listed on the National Register of Historic places.

Twenty Historical Markers in Breckenridge and Stephens County
Stephens Co. Marker

Marker is located 20 miles NW of Breckenridge in a roadside park on US Hwy 183 at the Clearfork of the Brazos River.


First settlement in Stephens County, established in 1858. Located one mile north of Breckenridge on US 183.

Dr. Gunsolus

Dr, Gunsolus is reported to be the first white settler in Stephens County, thought to have settled here in 1850. The marker is located on the banks of the Gunsolus Creek near the viaduct US Hwy 180.

The Brown House

Built well over 100 years ago this two-story native sandstone house stands just south of Breckenridge city limits and just east of US Hwy 183.

Old First National Bank

Located at 116 W. Walker, this building was erected in 1920. Now houses the Swenson Memorial Museum.

S. Walker Home

Tudor styled home site on high hill located at 1000 East Connell Street built in 1922.

Walter Prescott Webb

Noted historian Walter Prescott Webb came to Stephens Co. with his family at age four. His father was a rural school teacher. Marker located on SW corner of Courthouse square.

Sam Newcomb Grave

Samuel P. Newcomb was a young school teacher at Fort Davis. To reach location go N on Hwy 183, turn right FM Road 1481, then left CR 285 and follow the markers.

Stephens Co Courthouse

Built in 1920s. Classical revival style and features limestone construction. Listed on the National Historic Buildings Register.

Old Courthouse Arch

The old sandstone courthouse was built in 1883, designed by J.E. Flanders. The building was torn down in 1926 and the main entrance stands on the courthouse lawn.

History's Roll of Honor

Large granite monument dedicated to all men and women of Stephens County who served their country in wars. SW corner Courthouse lawn.

Camp Breckenridge Texas Civil War Frontier Defense

A double-faced granite marker recognizing the establishment of Camp Breckenridge near the site of the marker in 1862. The marker is located on SW corner of court house squares.

Daughters of the Confederacy

Plaque located by a tree planted in memory of Confederate Veterans of Stephens county on SW corner of Courthouse.

Bullock Cemetery

Located 3 miles N of Ranger or FM 717 also known as Caddo Road. Oldest Grave is of baby Georgia Barnes, 1878.

Gunsite Community

Record indicated that Gunsight existed on a wagon road from Ft.Griffin to Stephenville in 1858, however settlement of town was not until 1870s. Located 15 mi. S of Breckenridge on US 183, then 2 mi. E on CR 157.

New Hope Baptist Church #3

Church organized in 1893. Located 7 miles S of Caddo.

Mount Zion Cemetery

Oldest grave 1879. Location: 8 mi S of Caddo on FM 717, to La Casa, then 1 mi. W on FM 207, then 0.7 mi. S on CR 127 to cemetery.

Parks Camp

Founded in 1918 and named of rancher J.W. Parks, on whose land it was located. Parks camp was company town built for employees of the Texaco. Located 6 mi. S of Breckenridge on US 183, then 2 mi. E on FM 576.

First Baptist Church of Breckenridge

Believed to have been organized in 1876. In 1921 a 3-story edifice replaced other structures. 301. S. Rose.

Communites and Related Links
Breckenridge, Texas Web Site
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