Topics (click on a topic to jump to that section)
Marker Topic: Crawford County
During the Civil War, guerrilla raids and troop movement devastated the area. The Southwest Br. of the Pacific R.R. (now Frisco) built through Bourbon, Leasburg, and Cuba in the county in 1860 was almost destroyed. Union Gen. Thomas Ewing's troops, escaping undetected from Fort Davidson after the battle of Pilot Knob, were overtaken by Confederate Army units at Leasburg and a 36-hour engagement ensued Sept. 29-30, 1864. Confederates withdrew before Union reinforcements arrived. The site is marked.
Marker Topic: Lebanon
During the Civil War, the pioneer road became a military highway. A telegraph line strung from Rolla, Missouri to Fort Smith, Arkansas went along the road by 1862 and the telegraph route soon became known as "The Old Wire Road." Throughout the war, Lebanon was occupied alternately by Union and Confederate troops.
Marker Topic: Pulaski County
Waynesville, in scenic Roubidoux Creek Valley became county seat in 1843 but court first met here in 1835. Named for Rev. War Gen. "Mad" Anthony Wayne, the town was a stage stop on St. Louis to Springfield Road, also called "Wire Road" for telegraph line strung by Union Army. French explorer Dr. Tisne traveled this former Indian trail in 1719. Cherokee Indians camped here on their 1837 "Trail of Tears" removal to Oklahoma.
In the Civil War, the Confederate flag was raised at the courthouse in spring of 1861. In June of 1862 Union Col. Albert Sigel"s troops built a fort overlooking Waynesville's courthouse square to guard military supply road to Springfield. The county suffered guerrilla raids and skirmishes. In Pulaski County lies Mark Twain National Forest acreage.
The county after the Civil War grew as a lumbering and general farming area. On route of the Frisco R.R., built through the county in 1869, the towns of Dixon, Crocker, and Richland were laid out and Swedeborg was founded by Swedish immigrants in 1878. Among other communities are Big Piney, Devil's Elbow, Laguey, Palace, and St. Roberts.
Points of interest include views of the Gasconade at Portuguese Point and the Big Piney at Devil's Elbow; Miller Sprint, one of 23 ebb and flow springs in the U.S., near Big Piney, Schlicht Mill near Crocker, Indian and Inca caves near Waynesville, and Moccasin Bend Wildlife Refuge.
Marker Topic: Rolla
Early settlers found a source of saltpeter for gunpowder in nearby caves. During the Civil War Rolla, strategically located at the terminus of a railway, was a great Federal military encampment. After Lyon's defeat and death at Wilson's Creek in 1861, his troops retreated here. Curtis with 12,000 men left here for the decisive Union victory at Pea Ridge, Arkansas, in 1862. The sites of Forts Wyman and Dette, within the town limits, recall elaborate Civil War fortifications.
Marker Topic: Texas County
A seat of justice for the county was laid out in 1846 near the center of the county on Brushy Creek and named Houston for first president of the Texas Republic.
In the Civil War, the county was ravished by guerrilla warfare and the town destroyed. Houston's modern development has been as trading center for a dairying, poultry and livestock farming and lumbering area.
Marker Topic: Webster County
By 1862 the telegraph passed near Marshfield on a route later called the "Old Wire Road." A part of the 1808 Osage Indian land cession, the county was settled in the early 1830s by pioneers from Kentucky and Tennessee.
An Indian trail crossed southern Webster County and many prehistoric mounds are in the area.
The railroad building boom of the post Civil War period stimulated county growth as a dairy, poultry and livestock producer. The Atlantic & Pacific (Frisco) was built through Marshfield in 1872 and by 1873 the Kansas City, Springfield and Memphis (Frisco) crossed the county.
Marker Topic: West Plains
Marker Topic: Wright County