Cheyennes Attack Pawnees on Loup River, 1830

Michael has a BA in History & American Studies and an MSc in American History from the University of Edinburgh. He comes from a proud military family and has spent most of his career as an educator in the Middle East and Asia. His passion is travel, and he seizes any opportunity to share his experiences in the most immersive way possible, whether at sea or on the land.

In 1830 the Cheyenne, bolstered by their two great medicines, their Medicine Arrows and their Sacred Buffalo Hat, traveled to attack the Skidi Pawnees at the head of the Loup River. The Skidis were gathered for their ceremonial killing of a captive as a sacrifice to the Morning Star. The Cheyenne first attacked some Skidi buffalo hunters but soon the entire Pawnee force arrived on the scene ready for battle. An old Pawnee who was ill and wished to die went out between the two battle lines, sat down and began to sing his death song. Bull, the keeper of the Sacred Arrows, had the bundle of Medicine Arrows tied to his spear. As he attempted to lance the lone Pawnee the old man jerked the lance from Bull's grasp. Other Skidi's hurried up and carried off the Sacred Arrow bundle, the loss of which totally demoralized the Cheyennes, who gave up the fight.

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