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Fort Amsterdam

Michael has a BA in History & American Studies and an MSc in American History from the University of Edinburgh. He comes from a proud military family and has spent most of his career as an educator in the Middle East and Asia. Please consider reading our editorial policy to understand how and why we publish the resources we do.

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Part of our in-depth series exploring the forts of Northern Early America

Picture of Fort Amsterdam

Picture of Dutch Envoys Discussing a Treaty with the Indians at Fort Amsterdam
Picture of Dutch Envoys Discussing a
Treaty with the Indians at Fort Amsterdam.
Photo from the book, Encyclopedia of American
Indian Wars by Jerry Keenan.

Fort Amsterdam, 1626, New York County, New York. The Dutch West India Company (1621-1791), was a trading and colonizing company chartered by the States-General of the Dutch republic in 1621 and organized in 1623. The company founded (1626) Fort Amsterdam, which grew to be called New Amsterdam (now New York City). British renamed Fort James Aug 1664 until 1687-1703 when it was renamed Fort George. Briefly reoccupied by the Dutch 1673-74 as Fort Willem Hendrick. Destroyed by Americans 1776. On the site of what is now the Old Custom House at the foot of Broadway.

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