Dickens County Historical Markers

Texas Plains Trail Region

Map of Dickens County Historic Sites

Topics (click on a topic to jump to that section).
Site of Anderson's Fort or Soldier's Mound | Dickens Springs | Fourth U.S. Cavalry

Site of Anderson's Fort or Soldier's Mound

Marker Title: Site of Anderson's Fort or Soldier's Mound
City: Spur
County: Dickens
Year Marker Erected: 1936
Marker Location: From Spur, take Highway 70 north, about 6 miles
Marker Text: Here behind extensive breastworks Major Thomas M. Anderson, Tenth U.S. Infantry, maintained a supply camp for the Cavalry under General Ranald S. Mackenzie, Fourth U.S. Cavalry, who in 1874-1875 forced the Indians of the region onto reservations and opened the plains to white settlement.

Dickens Springs

Marker Title: Dickens Springs
City: Dickens
County: Dickens
Year Marker Erected: 2000
Marker Location: Dickens Springs Park on US 82, Dickens
Marker Text: At one time, water covered this area. Sandstone, the prominent rock around this site, is porous, causing exposed strata at canyon rims to form a natural drainage outlet for upland aquifers, making possible the existence of these springs. Situated at the head of a canyon ravine immediately below the Upper Prairie Region of the Rolling Plains, the ancient springs have been a favored human habitat since the earliest human occupation in this region. Many nomadic tribes have used the site, leaving behind a wealth of archeological evidence. John A. Askins and his family settled near these springs in late 1883, and it became known to pioneers as Askins Springs. A traveling real estate developer called Dr. M.S. Crow arrived here in 1891 and was a driving force in the organization of the town of Dickens about a half-mile west of the Askins land. In 1891 he gave a speech proclaiming his intent to give ten acres around "Crow Springs," as he called them, to the town of Dickens. The new city park became known as Dickens Springs. Generations of Dickens citizens and tourists, attracted by the rugged and colorful scenery and the unique collection of plants, have visited this site for picnics and social gatherings. In 1978 the departments of Anthropology and of Park Management at Texas Tech University made an intensive survey of the land surrounding Dickens Springs. Though many artifacts were lost to souvenir hunters, the university workers uncovered a variety of ancient tools, rarely of local origin. In the 21st century, Dickens Springs continues to provide water and beauty to the area for modern visitors as it did for the nomadic peoples of the past. (2000)

Fourth U.S. Cavalry

Marker Title: Fourth U.S. Cavalry
City: Spur
County: Dickens
Year Marker Erected: 1936
Marker Location: Spur Cemetery, local road of Highway 70, .25 miles east of Spur city limits
Marker Text: Private Gregg, William Max, W.H. Kilpatrick and other soldiers who met death in this region while serving under General R.S. MacKenzie, Fourth U.S. Cavalry, 1871-1872 and 1874-1875. with no hope of honor if victorious, no dream of mercy if they fell, and the certainty of death by torture if taken alive, they fought the savage Comanche and cleared the plains for the white men.


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