Sam Houston

Texans were divided on the issue of statehood. Pioneers wanted all the border protection they could get but generally were against surrendering control to any government, much less one as distant as Washington on the Potomac.Many Texans believed if there was to be an alliance with a distant power, it should be Britian, who coveted San Francisco and offered expansion of Texas territory to the Pacific.

Andrew Jackson

Acquiring Texas had long been one of Andrew Jackson's dreams. He sent his protege, Sam Houston, there in 1832 to cool the Indians in the name of the United States. The hero of the Battle of New Orleans could hardly sit still for a British Texas. He spurred another protege, James Polk, into the presidency on the platform of immediate Texas annexation. Liberal conditions included the U. S. delivery of cash, soldiers and forts while Texas retained all it's public land, the right to fly it's flag at the same height as the stars and stripes and divide itself into six states. That is, assuming of course, there could ever be an agreement on which state would get the Alamo.

It was the public land issue that caused the United States trouble in its negotiations with the Indians. It promised but couldn't deliver Texas soil to the Comanches nor could anything do much to curb western expansion. A decade before when Houston was confronted with a Comanche request for a permanent border, he sadly shook his head and said, "If I could build a wall from the Red River to the Rio Grande, so high that no Indian could scale it, the white people would go crazy trying to devise a means to get beyond it."

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