Battle of Wolf Creek, 1838

During the early summer of 1838, a combined Cheyenne-Arapaho force took its entire village from the Arkansas River in Kansas to northwestern Oklahoma in search of their Kiowa enemy. While camped on Beaver Creek, a Kiowa-Comanche buffalo hunt was spotted between Beaver and Wolf Creeks. After destroying an unsuspecting Kiowa hunting party the Cheyenne-Arapaho contingent launched a massive assault on the Kiowa and Comanche camps along Wolf Creek. In the fight that followed, known as the Battle of Wolf Creek, the Cheyenne and Arapaho killed fifty-eight Kiowa and Comanche at a cost of fourteen of their own. The invaders retreated when a Comanche messenger rode away to enlist the aid of a nearby detachment of U. S. Dragoons and their Osage scouts. The Osages wanted to pursue and punish the offending Cheyennes and Arapahos but the Kiowas and Comanches had been badly mauled and were content to let the matter wait for a day more to their liking.


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