Elm Creek Raid
Road Trip Information
A little further west from the Brit Johnson marker,
Captain Barry and his Rangers had one of the
greatest of their many victories. Head northeast to Olney where you
are just south of the Battle of Little Wichita
where Kiowa Kicking Bird brilliantly routed the Sixth Cavalry. Continue
to the southeast to the Salt Creek Fight
marker on 114, there Cureton's Rangers, including W.C. "Uncle
Billy" Kutch, fought one of their bloodiest battles.
From there, drop to Jean and turn south on 1769; pass
Cottonwood Springs then on to Brit Johnson's
Catch 380 West into the country covered by the Cross
Plains Road Trip Map. A short way out you will encounter the marker
for the Elm Creek Raid. Turn south on
283 and you'll be just east of Robert E. Lee's old command post, Camp
Cooper and just north of Fort Griffin.
On July 1864, Reuben Johnson,
Ewell Proffitt, and Rias Carrollton were branding cattle at the
old Fitzpatrick Ranch when seventy-five Indians charged them. The
three young men were only able to retreat about three-fourths of a
mile before being murdered.
After killing these three, five of the Indians appeared
at the Hamby Ranch. The citizens there presented their guns and scared
off the Indians but not before they successfully drove off the horses.
On May 10th, 1860, Conrad Newhous
and his Mexican employee, Martinas, were searching for stock about
a hundred and fifty or two hundred yards from the house. While crossing
the creek, his horse made a sudden jump because he could smell the
Indians who were hidden nearby. The two were thrown from the horse
and were killed by the savages.
Northernmost story on site, Harmison,
Cole and Will Duncan were building their houses about seventy
five yards apart. The white wives were working in their incomplete
houses and Lindy Harmison, the black servant, was attacked and killed
by raiders near the river. The savages then moved towards Will's place,
who was out with his brother-in-law, Bob Mathis, driving in milk cows.
Cole Duncan feared they would be killed so he ran out into the yard
with his gun, waving his hat. This movement made the Indians believe
the soldiers were coming, so they quickly dashed away.
In 1862, Hol and James Clark
were out staking a horse when they viewed the form of an Indian in
the dim skylight forty steps away. Hol fired and killed the horse
the Indian was riding. When they reached the spot where the horse
lay dead, they found the Indian leaning against a tree and screaming
almost every breath. He was, no doubt, calling for the aid of his
comrades. The brothers then went home for help and when they returned,
the Indian was surrounded by other savages. They returned home for
fear of being ambushed in the dark.
During 1867, the same year as the Salt Creek Fight,
some of the same cowboys had several encounters on the Peveler
Ranch with Indians.
Henry Eberson and John O. Allen
left the Rivers' Ranch on Salt Creek Prairie to help hold a herd of
horses and cattle. They found themselves in a running fight with a
band of warriors, part of which extended to the very front gate of
the ranch house. It resulted in Eberson being stripped, scalped and
wounded in fourteen places. He was still alive but only lived for
four days afterwards.