Johnson, Proffitt and Carrollton
Marker Title: Carlton-Johnson-Proffitt Grave
Address: US 380, West of Newcastle
Year Marker Erected: 1936
Marker Location: US 380, 8 mi west of Newcastle, Roadside
Marker Text: In memory of Patrick Euell Proffitt, Rice
Carlton, and Rueben Johnson, three 19 year old boys killed in one of
the Elm Creek Indian raids, July 17, 1867.
Marker Title: Common Grave
Address: US 380 West of Newcastle
Year Marker Erected: 1966
Marker Location: US 380, 8 mi. W. of Newcastle; In Proffitt Cemetery.
Marker Text: Three youths slain by Indians in an Elm Creek raid,
July 17, 1867: Rice Carlton, Age 19; Reuben Johnson, born 1847, son
of J. Allen Johnson; Patrick Euell Proffitt, born March 7, 1848, son
of Robert S. Proffitt. John Proffitt, a brother, was donor of cemetery
Marker Title: Proffitt Cemetery
Address: US 380, W of Newcastle
Year Marker Erected: 1990
Marker Location: From Newcastle, take US 380 about 8 mi west
to Roadside Cemetery.
Marker Text: Members of the Robert Smith Proffitt family came
to this area about 1862 and established homes. A son, John Proffitt
(1846-1925), amassed large land-holdings and built a gin and other businesses.
The developing community was named Proffitt. At its height it boasted
homes, a post office, school, retail businesses, a Methodist church,
and Baptist church. On July 17, 1867, three young men were killed in
an Indian raid near this site. They were buried in a common grave on
John Proffitt's land about one mile south of town. Theirs was the first
burial in the community graveyard which became know as the Proffitt
Cemetery. The cemetery contains both marked and unmarked graves of area
pioneers. The numerous interments of infants and children illustrate
the often harsh conditions of frontier life. The largest number of burials
occurred in the years between 1910 and 1920, and include many victims
of the World War I-era influenza epidemic. Also buried here are veterans
of the Civil War, World War I, and World War II. Maintained by a cemetery
association, this historic graveyard stands as memorial to Young County
Reuben Johnson, Ewell Proffitt, and Rias Carrollton, were branding
cattle at the old Fitzpatrick Ranch, where the Indians made their
early appearance during 1864. About ten o'clock in the morning, July
17, 1867, seventy-five Indians came dashing toward them. The boys
succeeded in retreating about three-fourths of a mile, but the young
men were soon killed. The raid is often mentioned as the "Elm
Creek Raid Number Two," because it resembled in many respects,
the Big Young County Raid, of 1864.
After the killing of Reuben Johnson, Ewell Proffitt and Rias Carrollton,
five Indians appeared at the Hamby Ranch, and encountered Roland Johnson,
Jno. H. Cochran, and Tom Hamby. When these citizens presented their
guns, the Indians dashed away, but succeeded in driving off Hamby's
horses. Rolland Johnson's family ran down and hid in the same cave
that protected them during the Big Young County Raid, of 1864. After
causing considerable excitement and stealing several horses, the savages
withdrew, leaving the dead bodies of Reuben Johnson, Ewell Proffitt
and Rias Carrollton, as a token of peace, and confirmation of the
many treaties they had made.
Note: Author personally interviewed: Mann Johnson, Henry Williams,
J. B. Terrell, J. M. Peveler, John Marlin, and others, who lived on
this section of the frontier at the time.
The above story is from the book, The West Texas Frontier, by
Joseph Carroll McConnell.