Moore's Fort Blood Trail (2)
Colonel John Henry Moore
In 1828, John Henry Moore built two blockhouses within what are now
the city limits of La Grange. Area settlers were also allowed to use
this shelter as a defense against the Indians. Buildings from Moore's
Fort have been rebuilt in the nearby community of Round Top.
February 1837, a party of forty Comanches came into Fayette County
taking horses and captives. They killed the Honorable John G. Robison
and his brother, Walter. The next day, the judge's son, Joel, a veteran
of San Jacinto and famous for having captured Santa Anna, heard of the
raiding and went out looking for his father and uncle. He said:
"I had scarcely gone a mile, when, in the open post oak woods I
found my father's cart and oxen standing in the road. The groceries
were also in the cart. But neither father nor uncle were there. I had
now no doubt of their fate. The conviction that they were murdered shot
into my heart like a thunder bolt. Riding on a few yards further, I
discovered buzzards collecting near the road. My approach scared them
away and revealed to my sight the body of my father, nude, scalped and
mutilated. I dismounted and sat down by the body. After recovering a
little from the shock, I looked around for uncle. I found his body,
also stripped, scalped and mangled, about fifty yards from my father's
February 1837, James Gotcher and his two sons were away from the house
and cutting wood on the river bottom when Indians attacked their house,
killing and scalping a young boy and capturing a little girl. Inside
the house were two ladies, Nancy Gotcher and Mrs. Crawford, and several
children. The Indians rushed the house, killed Mrs. Gotcher and took
Mrs. Crawford and the children captive. The men, hearing the commotion,
ran to the house and attempted to fight but were cut down though one
of the sons managed to rip open the throat of one of the warriors with
his teeth. Mrs. Crawford and the children suffered horribly for two
years in captivity before being ransomed by a trader named Spalding
at Holland Coffee's station. Spalding married the widow, took the children
then settled in Bastrop County.
The most serious encounter of 1826 occurred when Tawakoni Indians
came into the settlements stealing horses and hunting the Tonkawa Indians
they so hated. The Tonkawa name was derived from "They all stay
together" but has been translated as "men who eat men."
They were also reported to have killed and scalped a Mexican resident
while on their depredation. The Indians made their camp in the bed
of Ross Creek in present Fayette County near the town that later became
La Grange. Captain James J. Ross led thirty-one militiamen out to
fight these Indians on April 4, 1826. His party was composed of many
future Fayette County settlers, including John J. Tumlinson Jr., John
Cryer, and S. A. Anderson. When Ross's men raided the Indian camp,
they caught them by surprise. Some of the Indians were dancing around
with fresh scalps, while others were parching corn or lying down.
Of an estimated sixteen Indians, the Texans killed eight and wounded
most of the others.
Marker Title: Site of Wood's Fort
City: West Point
Year Marker Erected: 1936
Marker Location: from West Point, take State 71 West about 1.5
mile in to Junction of State 71 & County Road 117 intersection (roadside
Marker Text: Used by colonists of this vicinity as a protection
against Indian attacks . 1828-1842 fortified residence of Zadock Woods,
veteran of the War of 1812. One of the old "Three Hundred"
of Austin's colonists. Oldest man killed in the "Dawson Massacre"
September 18, 1842.
From the Falls of the Brazos, the townspeople selected Samuel McFall
to run ahead and warn the Bastrop citizens. Bastrop was the uppermost
white settlement of any size on the Colorado River in 1835. The local
residents had been forced to band together to protect themselves from
neighboring Waco, Tawakoni, Kichai, and Comanche raids. Consequently,
a strong log stockade or fort was erected in the center of the little
town. In the event of a serious Indian attack, the townspeople could
take shelter inside.
McFall, a lean and quick man of six feet, three inches, ran the distance
on foot and is fabled to have been a faster runner than most saddle
horses of the time. Before he could arrive, a party of eight Indians
made a vicious attack on June 1. On the road from San Felipe to Bastrop,
they attacked the wagon of Amos R. Alexander near Cummins Creek.
Alexander, a Pennsylvania native, had brought his wife and two sons
to Texas in the spring of 1833. They settled in Bastrop and eventually
opened a store and hotel. In April 1835 Amos and son Amos Jr. went
to the coast to get a supply of goods they had ordered. They hired
two other men to serve as teamsters to haul their goods. The Alexanders
were attacked by Indians on June 1 at Pin Oak Creek about thirty-five
miles from Bastrop.
Amos Alexander was killed outright. His son was on horseback and
was shot through the body. The younger Alexander rode full speed from
the scene of the attack toward Moore's Fort at La Grange, the last
town they had passed. He met the second wagon being hauled by the
two brothers his father had hired as teamsters. The three started
for Moore's Fort, but the young Alexander died from his wounds. His
body was laid under a tree and covered with leaves and moss. MORE