Gray County Historical Markers

Texas Plains Trail Region

Map of Gray County Historic Sites

Topics (click on a topic to jump to that section).
Barbed Wire and Fencing Tools, Historical Museum of | Devils Rope Museum | Freedom Museum U.S.A. | Gray County | Gray County Courthouse | Indian Battlefield | McClellan, George B. | McLean-Alanreed Museum | Battle of North Fork of Red River | Red River Expedition of 1852 | Rescue of Two White Girls by Lt. Frank Baldwin | White Deer Land Museum

Historical Museum of Barbed Wire and Fencing Tools

Museum Name: Historical Museum of Barbed Wire and Fencing Tools
Mailing Address: P.O. Box 290
City: McLean
Zip Code: 79057
Street Address: 100 Kingsley St.
Area Code: 806
Phone: 779-2225
County: Gray

Devils Rope Museum

Museum Name: Devils Rope Museum
Mailing Address: Box 290
City: McLean
Zip Code: 79057
Street Address: 100 Kingsley Street
Area Code: 806
Phone: 779-2225
County: Gray
Museum Classification: History

Freedom Museum U.S.A.

Museum Name: Freedom Museum U.S.A.
Street Address: 600 N. Hobart Street
City: Pampa
Zip Code: 79065
Area Code: 806
Phone: 669-6066
County: Gray

Gray County

Marker Title: Gray County
County: Gray
Year Marker Erected: 1936
Marker Location: From Pampa, go 2 miles east on U.S. 60.
Marker Text: Formed from Young and Bexar Territories; Created August 21, 1876; Organized May 27, 1902; Named in Honor of Peter W. Gray 1819-1874; Member of the First Legislature of Texas; Member of the Confederate Congress; Appointed to the Texas Supreme Bench in 1874; County Seat, Lefors, 1902; Pampa, Since 1928

Gray County Courthouse

Marker Title: Gray County Courthouse
Address: Kingsmill & Russell
City: Pampa
County: Gray
Year Marker Erected: 1997
Marker Text: A fine example of a beaux arts courthouse with Georgian ornamentation, this structure was erected after the county seat was moved from Lefors in 1928. The edifice was designed by W.R. Kaufman & Son of Amarillo and built by Harland L. Case & Co. of Pampa. It was dedicated on April 19, 1930. Built upon a foundation of Indiana limestone, the steel frame and many windows give a modern look to the traditional beaux arts style. Kaufman designed Pampa's city hall and fire station in a similar style. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1997

Indian Battlefield

Marker Title: Indian Battlefield
Address: 17 mi. S of Pampa on SH 70, at turn-off to Lake McClellan
City: Pampa
County: Gray
Year Marker Erected: 1936
Marker Location: Located just east of Highway 70 at turn off to Lake McClellan, but before entering park, about 17 miles south of Pampa.
Marker Text: In this vicinity Lieutenant Frank D. Baldwin, commanding two companies of United States troops, attacked a large band of Indians and rescued two white girl captives, November 8, 1874.

George B. McClellan

Marker Title: George B. McClellan
City: Pampa
County: Gray
Year Marker Erected: 1996
Marker Location: from Pampa: 19 miles south on SH 70; 5 miles east on FM 2477 at Lake McClellan Recreation Area.
Marker Text: West Point graduate George B. McClellan (1826-1885) was a U.S. Army engineer and a member of an expedition led by Randolph B. Marcy that explored the Texas Panhandle in 1852. McClellan Creek was named for him, and nearly a century later Lake McClellan was named in his honor. He was vice president and chief engineer of the Illinois Central Railroad and served as a Union general during the Civil War. He designed the McClellan saddle used by the U.S. Army. He ran for president in 1864 against Abraham Lincoln and served as governor of New Jersey from 1878-1881. (1996)

McLean-Alanreed Museum

Museum Name: McLean-Alanreed Museum
Street Address: 116 Main
City: McLean
Zip Code: 79057
Area Code: 806
Phone: 779-2731
County: Gray

Battle of North Fork of Red River

Marker Title: Battle of North Fork of Red River
City: Lefors
County: Gray
Year Marker Erected: 1972
Marker Location: located on R.O.W. of SH 273 10 miles SE of Lefors.
Marker Text: On Sept. 29, 1872, Col. Ranald S. MacKenzie (1840-89) found in this area a 262-tepee village of Comanches defying treaties that sought to confine them on Indian Territory reservations. MacKenzie's 231 U.S. Cavalry and Infantrymen captured the village in half an hour and routed Chief Mow-Way's warriors, who made a desperate resistance from sheltering creek banks. That night the Indians succeeded in recapturing their horses from an army guard detail. This taught MacKenzie a lesson that led to his eventual victory in the 1874 campaign to subdue the Indians.

Red River Expedition of 1852

Marker Title: Red River Expedition of 1852
City: Pampa
County: Gray
Year Marker Erected: 1984
Marker Location: SH 70 R.O.W. 6 miles south of Pampa.
Marker Text: In 1852, U.S. Army Captain and explorer of the Southwest Randolph B. Marcy and George B. McClellan, later Democratic candidate for President against Abraham Lincoln, led Company D, 5th Infantry into the Texas Panhandle to locate the headwaters of the Red River. Their findings had great impact on the determination of Texas' border with the State of Oklahoma. Until the 1852 journey, it was not known that there are two large branches of the Red River that intersect the 100th meridian, which forms the eastern boundary of the Texas Panhandle. On June 16th, the company discovered the headwaters of the North Fork (approx. 1 mi. SE). On July 1st, they found the source of the southern, or Prairie Dog Town, fork in Palo Duro Canyon. Marcy's report to Congress is one of the earliest known written records of Gray County. Since several early treaties had used the Red River as a boundary and since there was an extensive area of land between the two branches, the question arose as to which fork was in the minds of the contracting parties when the boundary was first defined. Marcy testified before a Congressional Committee that the South Fork should be the boundary, and an 1896 Supreme Court decision confirmed his findings. (1984)

Rescue of Two White Girls by Lt. Frank Baldwin

Marker Title: Rescue of Two White Girls by Lt. Frank Baldwin
City: Pampa
County: Gray
Year Marker Erected: 1936
Marker Location: take SH 273 south from Pampa. Marker is located at SH 273 and Spur 398 in a small park just north of Lefors.
Marker Text: Ten miles southwest of here Lieutenant Frank D. Baldwin commanding two companies of United States troops attacked a large band of Cheyenne Indians and rescued two white girl captives, November 8, 1874.

White Deer Land Museum

Museum Name: White Deer Land Museum
Mailing Address: P.O. Box 1556
City: Pampa
Zip Code: 79066
Street Address: 116 S Cuyler
Area Code: 806
Phone: 669-8041
County: Gray
Types of Exhibits/Collections: Military, Photos, Historical, Local/Pioneer History


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