Cherokee War & Battle of the Neches

Henderson County, Texas
Map of the Cherokee War in East Texas
Above map from the book, Taming Texas, by Stephen L. Moore

Below are the Historical Markers' text and location for topics related to the Cherokee War.


Chief John Bowles, Leader of the Texas Cherokees
Picture from the book, Savage Frontier II, by Stephen L. Moore

Marker Title: Bowles, Cherokee Chief
Address: 19 mi. SE to CR 4923, 2.5 mi. N
City: Canton
County: Van Zandt
Year Marker Erected: 1936
Marker Location: From Canton, take SH 64 about 19 mi. SE to CR 4923, follow signs N about 2.5 mi. to marker.
Marker Text: On this site the Cherokee Chief Bowles was killed on July 16, 1839 while leading 800 Indians of various tribes in battle against 500 Texans. The last engagement between Cherokees and whites in Texas. More

Picture of David G. Burnet
Picture of Albert Sidney Johnson
David G. Burnet
Albert Sidney Johnston

Marker Title: Battle of the Neches
City: Colfax
County: Van Zandt
Year Marker Erected: 1968
Marker Location: Roadside park on Hwy. 20, 5 mi E of Colfax
Marker Text: (Site 15 miles southeast) Main engagement of Cherokee War; fought July 15 and 16, 1839, between 800 Indians (Including; Delawares and Shawnees) and 500 troops of the Republic of Texas. An extraordinary fact is that David G. Burnet vice president of the Republic; Albert Sidney Johnston, secretary of war; and two other high officials took active parts in the fighting. When killed, Chief Bowles, aged Cherokee leader, carried a sword given him by Gen. Sam Houston. After the defeat of the tribes, they scattered, thus virtually ending Indian troubles in the settled eastern part of Texas.

Pictures from the book, Savage Frontier II, by Stephen L. Moore
Picture of Dr. William George Washington Jowers
Picture of John Henninger Reagan
Dr. William George Washington Jowers tended to the wounded during both the Kickapoo War and the Cherokee War. Later a Texas statesman and a judge, Jowers was among the negotiating party sent to Chief Bowles' village for peace talks during the Cherokee War.
John Henninger Reagan, another Cherokee negotiator, fought bravely in both subsequent battles. He would later serve as a judge, legislator, and as postmaster general of the Confederacy. Reagan's home in present Anderson County was built on the site of the original Fort Houston.

Article by Jeff Guinn, Star Telegram

This account of the Cherokee War in East Texas is from the book, Indian Depredations in Texas, by J.W. Wilbarger.

Cherokee War story by Wilbarger

Cherokee War story by WIlbarger

Cherokee war story by WIlbarger

 


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